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The Functional Movement Screen (FMS)

functional movement screen

Hey Friends,

Last week, we sent out a survey. This week I wanted to let you know about what what are next steps are.

The next phase of our research is movement-based with a Functional Movement Screen. If you participated in the survey, you would have seen a mention of a Functional Movement Screen at the end of it.

Last week, I became FMS certified! Droany has used FMS for the past eight years of his career. However, the screen was created in 1997, so it has been around for about 20 years. 2007 was the first publication of research came out and soon after that, Droany started using FMS with all clients.

Gray Cook decided to look at injury a little different. He wanted to look at not only the area of pain but how that area interacts with the body during functional movements. He wanted to look at dysfunction of movement patterns. Was the injury because of a faulty movement pattern or is the injury causing the faulty movement pattern. What came first; the chicken or the egg?

Instead of treating the injury, we need to treat the individual. Gray Cook and Lee Burton came up with a screening process to be able to group individuals by movement ability. The Functional Movement Screen creates a base standard to understand the quality and dysfunctions of movement.

These seven basic movement patterns are broken into groups: The Big Three and the Little Four.

The Big Three are the Functional Movements, The Deep Squat, the Inline Lunge and the Hurdle Step.

The Little Four are the Fundamental Movements, The Active Straight Leg, The Shoulder Mobility, the Trunk Stability Push Up, and the Rotary Stability.

The distinction between these two groups is important. If someone does not score well on a big three but does well in all of the little four, that person has an issue with the pattern and only needs to be set up in a successful environment to move into those patterns. However, if there is a dysfunction in one of the Little Four, that will contribute to the performance of the Big Three. Therefore, a dysfunction or asymmetry in the Little Four is always the focal point of improvement after screening.

The reason that the FMS is so important to measuring movement is that we can identify weaknesses and dysfunctions quickly. Thus, we can make improvements quickly.

Improving movement and allowing people to feel better in their day to day life will create a better community. Nursing is the number one industry for work related injuries that result in days away from work. Screening Nurses will be helpful to see where our standard or average is compared to a healthy general population score. We can also compare scores, and common dysfunctions across sections of the Nursing industry and by age or generation.

All of these details will help us improve each Nurse quicker. Each Nurse deserves some extra attention so that they can give all of their attention when they are at work caring for others.

If you are interested in getting screened by an FMS certified Better Fit Nurses coach, please reach out via email:

Have a great weekend!

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